what extent and in what ways may the Renaissance be regarded as a turning
point in Western intellectual and cultural tradition? (77)/To what extent
is the term “Renaissance” a valid concept for a distinct period in early modern
European history? (85)
the ways in which Italian Renaissance humanism transformed ideas about the
individual’s role in society. (94)
the influence of humanism on the visual arts in the Italian Renaissance. Use at least THREE specific works
to support your analysis.(04)/Discuss how Renaissance ideas are expressed in the Italian art of
the period, referring to
specific works and artists (98).
the ways in which the two works of art reproduced below express the
artistic, philosophical, and cultural values of their times (81)
and contrast the patronage of the arts by Italian Renaissance rulers with
that by dictators of the 1930s. (96)
and analyze the differences in the ways in which artists and writers
portrayed the individual during the Italian Renaissance and the Romantic
Era of the late 18th and early 19th centuries (02)
monarchs of the late 15th and early 16th centuries
are often referred to as the “New Monarchs.” What was “new” about them? Do their actions warrant this label?
and contrast the view of Machiavelli and Rousseau on human nature and the
relationship between the government and the governed (84)
what extent and in what ways did women participate in the Renaissance?
how advances in learning and technology influenced 15th and 16th
century exploration and trade. (03)/Explain how economic, technological,
political and religious factors promoted European explorations from about
1450 to about 1525 (80).
were Europeans able to achieve economic and political control over many
non-European peoples between 1450 and 1750?
and contrast the motives for European overseas expansion during the Age of
Discovery (15th and 16th centuries) and during the
Age of New Imperialism (19th and early 20th
the changes in the European economy from about 1450 to 1700 brought about
by the voyages of exploration and colonization. Give specific examples (92)/Focusing on the period
before 1600, describe and analyze the cultural and economic interactions
between European and the Western Hemisphere as a result of the Spanish and
Portuguese settlement. (97)